First of all, it is necessary to understand what the dependencies are and only then to look inside the mechanism of their development. For example, let’s take a behavioral dependence. Here we are talking about the looping of a certain action in a repeating pattern. This is mostly a dependence to the source of pleasure, satisfaction or joy. These emotions become a painful need. To them we can refer gambling, shopaholism, overeating, love dependence, dependence on meditation, workaholism, kleptomania, dependence on the Internet, dependence on television, dependence on social networks, dependence on computer games, etc.
Where physiological processes are involved, there is the term “addiction”, which implies actions that disrupt normal physiological processes and that are fraught with physiological and psychological abnormalities. In this category, we can include drug addiction, alcoholism, tobacco smoking, serious eating disorders, excessive masturbation and others.
The first category establishes regular psychological patterns that cause the usual and additional synthesis of opioid hormones, especially Beta endorphins. Obtained pleasure leads to the desire to repeat, to experience it again. This connection becomes stable, and the person is looking for the opportunity to repeat the pleasant sensations again. It leads to a pathological change in behavior, which affects its social life.
In the second category, we are talking about the explicit or implicit impact of some chemicals, like in the case of drug addiction, alcoholism and tobacco smoking, on the social behavior of a person. In this case, one of the main reasons for the occurrence of such addiction is a strong desire to escape from reality into an altered state of consciousness. Here, certain areas of the brain and specific biochemical processes, such as the synthesis of large portions of dopamine, can be involved in much larger quantities than during normal nutrition and sex. For example, the use of amphetamine directly stimulates an additional synthesis of dopamine, which leads to the obtaining of pleasure in artificial way. Cocaine and similar drugs prevent a decrease in the concentration of dopamine, which allows to obtain a lasting effect. Only two weeks of continuous intake is enough for the occurrence of long-term changes in the ventral area of the brain. Nicotine and morphine duplicate the effect of natural neurotransmitters. Excessive use of alcohol blocks the action of dopamine antagonists, which leads to a physiological change in some parts of the brain. Getting an increased sense of pleasure taking these substances modifies social behavior and, as a rule, leads to undesirable consequences.
Physiologists and narcologists came to the conclusion that the offspring of dependent parents have a greater predisposition factor to the same or to other dependencies.
How to get rid of addiction with hypnotherapy?
One of the ways to get rid of addictions is to replace them with more favorable patterns of behavior, such as meditation, yoga, charity, and so on. Increasing the degree of religiosity and bringing to the church serves as one of the most common ways of abstracting from habitual, but destructive patterns.
Of course, this is not a perfect solution, because the substitution of one dependence for another cannot be called a complete correction.
More complete treatment of dependences is possible with the use of short-term hypnotherapy (no more than 30 sessions of hypnosis). Apart from the additional synthesis of opioid hormones, hypnotherapy can be instrumental in creating new programs of socially-positive patterns, strengthening willpower, increasing self-confidence and own strengths, creating new social goals and instilling new vital interests. In this case, the personality of a person changes, some negative and limiting features are replaced by positive and constructive ones.
Correction of physiologically-based dependencies is more difficult. Here we are talking about three components, physiological, psychological and emotional dependencies. Physiological dependence is due to physiological changes in the human body, with physiological and biochemical functions, adjusted to the continuation of taking the substances that caused these changes. To correct this factor a person needs to undergo a course of physiological purification from the accumulated toxic substances in his body. It can be a purifying and restorative course of intramuscular injections. Psychological dependence is due to the initial stress and reduced stress resistance. That is, “I drink when I feel bad.” Emotional dependence is caused with getting of pleasant sensations (increased synthesis of opioid hormones), that is, “I drink to make me feel good.” Both the psychological and emotional components can be corrected by the course of hypnotherapy (therapeutic hypnosis).
The main basis for the successful treatment of addiction is the recognition of the presence of the problem, and a strong internal motivation to get rid of it. Also, the presence of family and social support is important. Without this, it is difficult or even impossible to achieve satisfactory results.
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Doctor of Science in Medical Psychology, Professor