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Personality disorders. The variety of them and the way they show themselves.

The definition of a normal personality is difficult, because there are significant cultural and religious differences in the patterns of behavior in society. If the personality reactions are significantly different from the norms of reactions to an external stimulus, then it may be personality disorders. The main features of this group of disorders are quite stable and can be noticed from an early or adolescent age. These features usually appear in socially significant moments – professional or familial with pronounced atypical reactions to an external stimulus. But the persistence of symptoms, not atypicality, is the characteristic of this group of disorders and distinguish them from other diseases. We worked mainly with the following subspecies of disorders:

Dependent personality

Dependent character is often passive. Such people depend on the leadership of others, they are led, clinging to stronger personalities, sometimes agreeing to complete submission. These personalities are characterized by a complete lack of initiative. They become attached to others, constantly seeking emotional support and a sense of security. If the traits of the characters are not innate and a person cannot adapt in the environment, the complex of symptoms can be diagnosed as a personality disorder.

The Gystriotic Personality

Such people need active and sometimes aggressive demanding of attention. They differ with capricious and labile character, often are demonstrative and they are engaged in an indiscriminate search for the approval of their actions and generally themselves.

Narcissistic personality

Such people are self-centered and self-confident. They have an aim to superiority. They are often arrogant. They tend to exploit others, that is, to benefit from the exploitation of others. They often have an infantile mindset, ignore the rights of others.

Antisocial personality

Such a person often looks for ways of autonomy from the opinions of others. This person is mistrustful and often has plans for retaliation and even revenge for what he regards as past injustices. He is often irritated, aggressive and impulsive and often shows antisocial behavior.

Compulsive personality

These people are unable to express emotions and to the standard rules of behavior. They don’t like conformity to laws and rules. Sometimes they are unable to express emotions. Often, they look excessively pedantic, joyless, highly appreciate self-discipline. Often, they resist expectations of other people. They have their own, sometimes unique opinions on most issues. Compulsiveness shows itself in those cases when respect and respectfulness are sharply replaced by stubborn negativism, which is followed with the feelings of remorse and guilt.

Schizoid personality

This kind of character is characterized by passivity and general indifference and apathy. Such people are not capable to express warm and emotional feelings, they have a minimal need for love and bodily contact. They have a problem in maintaining a warm interpersonal relationship.

Avoiding personality

These people differ mainly with social isolation because of a high degree of distrust in interpersonal relationships. Often there is some degree of self-aloofness, low self-esteem and hypersensitivity to criticism, in which these people see possible insult and humiliation. They constantly seek a recognition in love.

Borderline personality

These people differ with the absence of significant interpersonal relationships. They have very dysfunctional behavior pattern, which is characterized by repeated episodes of anger, aggression, guilt and love. Such a person is always in a borderline state: pronounced behavior can be shown in absolutely different, opposite poles of behavior in society.

Paranoid personality

Such people are very autonomous and overreact to criticism. Any criticism for them is painful. They show a high degree of distrust and suspicion to others, often expect deception. They persistently defend their personal autonomy. They want to be independent of the opinions of others.

Schizotypal personality

These people often look immersed in their own world, have a dysfunctional type of behavior in society and are often poorly integrated. Their thinking is often intermittent, does not have a logical basis, that is, it can jump from topic to topic during a conversation. They often show anxious tension and rarely look relaxed.

There are articles recommended for reading:

How the hypnosis works.
Medical hypnosis and hypnotherapy – influence to our health, use in the modern psychotherapy.
Our methods of treatment (The Center of Rehabilitation Hypnotherapy).

Yuri Medvin,
Doctor of medical psychotherapy, professor, hypnotherapist.