With the development of this type of disorder, a person begins to react to external and internal stressors inadequately, for example, too loudly – with emotional outbursts and with cries. Symptoms can develop within three months after the influence of stress. If the stress factor stops its effect, then the symptomatology is also stopped (DSM-IV, 519). There are the variations of the adaptation disorders below:
- Disorders of adaptation with signs of anxiety.
- Disorders of adaptation with a depressed mood.
- Disorders of adaptation with anxiety and depressive mood.
- Adaptation disorders with behavioral disorders.
- Расстройства адаптации с эмоциональными нарушениями в поведении.
An adaptation disorder may develop due to the effects of one or more stress factors. It is not always possible to compare the high degree of severity of the adaptation disorder with a high degree of intensity of the stress factor. For example, the loss of one of the parents creates a different level of stress reaction for the 10-year and 40-year-old person. The stress factor can be one or several, for example, a divorce or loss of work. This may happen in the same time with exacerbation of physical illness. The stress factor can be repetitive, for example, the difficulties of seasonal workers or continuous, such as chronic illness or living in poverty. Constant family problems can lead to an adaptation disorder for all family members. Or the stress factor can first affect one member of the family (if he or she becomes a victim of a crime), and then spread to others. Sometimes a stress factor affects several people in a group at the same time. There are also especially vulnerable periods, such as visits to the first grade of the school, the changing one school to another, examinations, a first date, graduation, admission to higher education, first job, job change, job promotion, family creation, a child birth, a child’s illness, etc. As can be seen from the presence of situational and eventual stress factors, there are enough reasons for a stressful reaction. Some people adapt to stressful conditions more easily than others. The ability to adapt strongly depends on the quality of the synthesis of Beta-endorphins, dopamine and serotonin and naturally differs from person to person.
The most common symptoms of adaptation disorders and their derivatives
- Lack of self-confidence.
This disorder is often characterized by internal contradictions, doubts, negative expectations. These characteristics are the most limiting factor that prevents a person from starting a meaningful business, taking the first step, and finishing started deals. He has many internal contradictions that turn into an internal conflict. This is most likely because of the opposition of subpersonalities. If one of them is clearly leading, and therefore tired, then the other, instead of supporting, puts a stick in the wheel, creating sabotage, even a sabotage directed at the own organism.
- Diffidence. Problems in communication.
Here, basically, lies a low self-esteem, this person takes himself lower than others. There is a constant dissatisfaction with himself. There is an absence of self-esteem and self-love.
- Excessive emotionalism, leading to violent outbursts of emotions, sometimes with dramatic consequences.
Inability to control emotions. Characterized by violent emotional reactions.
- Post-traumatic stress disorders.
Experienced stresses have their consequences. Reminding stressful events, the mood immediately deteriorates. The past stress is repeated as brightly as it was then. Possible post-traumatic hallucinations.
- Constant, or periodic anxiety, sometimes paroxysmally increasing – panic attacks.
Characterized by obsessive fears, mostly fear of death. The reason may be in memories of birth trauma. Difficulty in self-control.
- General fatigue, decreasing of productivity and general tonus.
It is characterized by general fatigue. No wish to do anything.
- Usually low mood, loss of interest in life.
Can react as depression. The cause of depression can be a conflict between the subconscious and consciousness. Quite often it is a habit of negative thoughts that destroy all positive initiatives and all attempts to become better.
With long-lasted symptoms, it is possible to develop psychosomatic disorders, which are consequences of adaptation disorders, rather than individual bouts of pain. Correcting adaptation disorders, psychosomatic disorders usually disappear.
There are articles recommended for reading:
Doctor of medical psychotherapy, professor, hypnotherapist.